North Carolina Wildflower of the Year

The North Carolina Botanical Garden and the Garden Club of North Carolina, Inc. are co-sponsors of the North Carolina Wildflower of the Year program. In 2011 we celebrated thirty years of this conservation project, which was initiated in 1982. The aim is to actively promote, each year, throughout the state and region an attractive plant that is native to the southeastern United States.

Scientific Name Common Name Duration Habit Flower Color Bloom Time Height Exposure Moisture Germination Code
Amsonia tabernaemontana Eastern Bluestar Perennial Herb Blue, Purple Apr, May 1-3 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average 3 then 2
Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Columbine Perennial Herb Red, Pink, Yellow Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul 1-3 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average 2
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Perennial Herb Pink, Purple Jul, Aug, Sep 3-6 ft. Sun, Part Shade Moist
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Milkweed Perennial Herb Orange May, Jun, Jul, Aug 1-3 ft. Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 2
Baptisia albescens Spiked Wild Indigo Perennial Herb White Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug 2-3 ft. Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 3
Baptisia australis Tall Blue Wild Indigo Perennial Herb Blue, Purple Apr, May, Jun, Jul 2-3 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average 3
Blephilia ciliata Downy Woodmint Perennial Herb Pink, Blue, Lavender, Purple Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug 1-2.5 ft. (Spread 1-1.5 ft.) Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average 2
Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry Perennial Shrub White, Pink May, Jun, Jul, Aug 4-8 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average 2 (3 months)
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea Perennial Subshrub, Shrub White Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul 3-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 2,3
Chasmanthium latifolium River Oats Perennial Grass/Grasslike Green May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 2-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Average, Moist 1
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland Golden-aster Perennial Herb Yellow Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 1-2 ft. Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 2
Coreopsis auriculata Lobed Tickseed Perennial Herb Yellow Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul 6-8 in. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 1
Eryngium yuccifolium Northern Rattlesnake-master Perennial Herb White, Green, Blue May, Jun, Jul, Aug 2-4 ft. Sun Dry, Average 2
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset Perennial Herb White Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 3-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average, Moist
Eurybia divaricata White Wood Aster Perennial Herb White, Yellow, Brown Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 1-2 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Moist 2
Eutrochium fistulosum Hollow-stem Joe-pye-weed Perennial Herb Pink, Purple Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 5-8 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Average, Moist 2
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp Sunflower Perennial Herb Yellow, Purple, Brown Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 1-6 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Average, Moist
Heuchera americana American Alumroot Perennial Herb Red, Pink, Green, Purple, Brown Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug 6-10 in. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 1, 4
Hibiscus moscheutos Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow Annual, Perennial Herb, Subshrub White, Pink May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct 4-6 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average, Moist 3
Kosteletzkya virginica Seashore-mallow Perennial Herb, Subshrub White, Pink Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct 5-6 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average, Moist 3
Liatris squarrulosa Southern Blazing-star Perennial Herb Pink, Purple Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 2 to 6 ft. Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Perennial Herb Red May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 2-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Average, Moist 1, 4
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Perennial Herb Blue Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct 1.5-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average 1,4
Marshallia obovata var. obovata Piedmont Barbara's-buttons Perennial Herb White Apr, May, Jun 1-2 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average 2
Oenothera fruticosa Southern Sundrops Perennial Herb Yellow Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep 1-2 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average 1, 4
Penstemon laevigatus Eastern Smooth Beardtongue Perennial Herb White, Purple, Violet Apr, May, Jun, Jul 1-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average 2
Penstemon smallii Small’s Beardtongue Perennial Herb Pink, Purple Apr, May, Jun 18-24 in. Sun, Part Shade Average, Well-drained
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrow-leaf Mountain-mint Perennial Herb White May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep 1-2 1/2 ft. Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average, Moist 1
Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii Black-eyed-Susan Perennial Herb Yellow Aug, Sep 2-3 ft. Sun Average
Rudbeckia laciniata Green-head Coneflower Perennial Herb, Subshrub Yellow Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct 3-7 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average, Moist 2
Sabatia angularis Common Marsh-pink Annual Herb Pink Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct 8-32 in. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Moist
Scutellaria incana var. punctata Hoary Skullcap Perennial Herb Blue, Purple Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep 1-3 ft. Sun, Part Shade Average 2
Silene virginica Fire Pink Perennial Herb Red Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug 12-18 in. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Well-drained 2
Symphyotrichum concolor Eastern Silvery Aster Perennial Herb Blue, Lavender, Purple Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov 1 1/2-4 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average 2
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Eastern Aromatic Aster Perennial Herb Purple, Violet Sep, Oct, Nov 3 ft. Sun, Part Shade Dry, Average
Tiarella cordifolia var. collina Foamflower Perennial Herb White Apr, May 6-12 in.; spread-1 ft. Part Shade, Shade Moist
Vernonia noveboracensis New York Ironweed Perennial Herb Purple Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct 3-7 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Average, Moist 2
Zephyranthes atamasca Atamasco Lily Perennial Herb White, Pink Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun 6-8 in. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Moist 1
Zizia aurea Common Golden Alexanders Perennial Herb Yellow Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug 1-2.5 ft. Sun, Part Shade, Shade Dry, Average, Moist 2