Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Penstemon smallii

Penstemon smallii A. Heller

small’s beardtongue, blue ridge beardtongue

Penstemon smallii (Small’s Beardtongue)
Image ID: 24066
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PESM
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Penstemon smallii
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PENST
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Penstemon
GENUS AUTHORITY: Schmidel
GENUS COMMON: Beardtongue
GENUS SUMMARY: [contributed by Alan S. Weakley and Dwayne Estes]
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Estes (2012)=Y; Clements, Baskin, & Baskin (1998)=Z; Pennell (1935)=P. Key based on Y and Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PLANTA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Plantaginaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Plantain Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As radically recircumscribed, a family of about 120 genera and 1800 species.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Albach, Meudt, & Oxelman (2005); Olmstead et al. (2001); Schwarzbach in Kadereit (2004); Fischer in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 18-24 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: NC, SC, TN & GA

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Small's Beardtongue produces numerous late spring flowers held above the attractive foliage. Pink blooms and reddish basal foliage make this the most dramatic of the eastern beardtongues. It can be cut back to encourage a second bloom. Small's Beardtongue makes an excellent cut flower. In the wild, Small's Beardtongue is seen growing on woodland cliffs and banks. Planting it on a slope helps provide good drainage and encourages light self-sowing. 1984 N.C. Wildflower of the Year

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2105 1986-1907 View
2431 1986-2272 View
2659 1987-0111 View
7614 2000-0377 2000-11-20 View
9136 2006-0409 2006-11-07 1309 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1264 HORT 2005-08-16 Bryan View
1309 HORT 2006-01-01 Bryan View
1370 HORT 2006-08-01 Bryan View
1540 HORT 2005-03-08 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3516 2105 79 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3517 2105 187 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4136 2431 27 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4137 2431 9 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4453 2659 9 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10758 7614 146 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10759 7614 11 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10760 7614 79 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10761 7614 8 NCBG staff 1980-01-28 View
10762 7614 8 NCBG staff 1996-03-28 View
10763 7614 142 Liloia 2002-05-23 View
10764 7614 205 NCBG staff 2005-04-01 View
11940 9136 133 NCBG staff 2006-10-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PESM
USDA Common Name: Small's Beardtongue
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, GA, NC, SC, TN)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Penstemon smallii
COMMON NAME: Blue Ridge Beardtongue
SYNONYMY: [= K, P, RAB, S, W, Y, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Jul.
HABITAT: Woodlands, cliffs, glades, roadbanks.
COMMENTS: A Southern Appalachian endemic, distributed from nw. NC and ne. TN south to nw. SC, n. GA, and n. AL.
RANGE MAP: Penstemon smallii.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Plantaginaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Plantain Family)
SUMMARY: As radically recircumscribed, a family of about 120 genera and 1800 species.
REFERENCE: Albach, Meudt, & Oxelman (2005); Olmstead et al. (2001); Schwarzbach in Kadereit (2004); Fischer in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Penstemon Schmidel (Beardtongue)
SUMMARY: [contributed by Alan S. Weakley and Dwayne Estes]
REFERENCE: Estes (2012)=Y; Clements, Baskin, & Baskin (1998)=Z; Pennell (1935)=P. Key based on Y and Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Penstemon smallii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Penstemon smallii in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Penstemon smallii in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Penstemon smallii in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Penstemon smallii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Penstemon smallii

IMAGE USE RECORDS

ID IMAGE: 24066 - Primary Image FloraQuest Plant Detail Page (Landscape Preferred)
ID IMAGE1: 24066 - Primary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE2: 0 - Secondary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE3: 24086 - Primary Image Plant Sale Sign (Landscape Only)
ID IMAGE4: 0 - Primary Image New Plant Sale Label (Portrait Only)

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32 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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