Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Passiflora incarnata

Passiflora incarnata L.

purple passionflower, maypops

Passiflora incarnata (Purple Passionflower)
Image ID: 9348
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PAIN6
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Passiflora incarnata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-21

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PASSI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Passiflora
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Passionflower
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 525 species, vines, shrubs, and trees, largely of tropical America, with a few species in warm temperate America and Asia.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Passiflora flowers are structurally striking. There are 5 sepals and either 0 or 5 petals; a corona of numerous linear structures is present, arranged in 1-several series. The ovary, 3 styles, and 5 stamens are basally adnate and elevated on an androgynophore. Most species have glands on the leaves which function as extrafloral nectaries; these can be seen as paired glands on the leaf petiole (in all our species except P lutea), and some species also have laminar glands on the leaf blade, near the margin.
GENUS REFERENCES: Ulmer & MacDougal (2004)=Z; Vanderplank (2000)=Y; Vanderplank (2013=X; Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong (2012)=WI; Feuillet & MacDougal in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PASSIF
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Passifloraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu ex Kunth 1817
FAMILY COMMON: Passionflower Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 27 genera and 935 species, vines, shrubs, trees, and herbs, of tropical and warm temperate regions, especially America and Africa. Here circumscribed to exclude Turneraceae, counter the recommendation of Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009); see comments under Turneraceae.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Feuillet & MacDougal in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007); Arbo in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: An herbaceous perennial vine of roadsides, fencerows, thickets and fields.
STEMS: Erect, trailing or climbing by tightly coiled tendrils; smooth or with short, soft hairs.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmately 3-lobed (rarely 5-lobed), 2 1/2 to 8 in. long, toothed, thick and leathery, and smooth or with short, soft hairs beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers solitary (rarely 2) on short stalks from leaf axils, about 2 1/2 in. wide, showy and with a complex structure: 5 oblong sepals with hornlike extensions, green outside, white inside; 5 petals resembling the sepals except white or purplish and lacking horns; a crown of purple and white thread-like segments that mostly obscures petals and sepals; and a central stalk supporting 5 stamens and a fleshy, green, 3-parted style.
FRUITS: Fruit a yellowish-green, oval berry.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 12 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Vine

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul (-later).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White, blue, purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Purple Passion-flower produces detailed flowers of lavender and white that later ripen into pale green egg-like fruits. A common name used for this species is “May-pop,” referring to its (edible) fruits. The lovely blooms make this vine attractive to people and the foliage and nectar make it attractive to butterflies and their larvae (Frittilaries). It can be a vigorous spreader. The Cherokees used this plant both for food and various medicinal purposes.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2212 1986-2029 View
4328 1992-0484 View
5732 1995-0858 View
6225 1995-1357 View
9113 2005-0580 2007-02-28 1290 View
9460 2021-0119 2021-11-01 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1290 HORT 2005-01-01 View
1356 HORT 2006-10-21 Bryan View
1736 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3838 2212 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3839 2212 89 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3840 2212 8 NCBG staff 1996-03-28 View
3841 2212 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3842 2212 86 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6656 4328 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
8246 5732 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8880 6225 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11717 9113 146 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12888 9460 86 Briggs 2021-10-22 View
13042 0 21 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PAIN6
USDA Common Name: Purple Passionflower
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine, Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Passiflora incarnata
COMMON NAME: Maypops, Purple Passionflower
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K2, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul (-later); Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Roadsides, fencerows, thickets, fields.
COMMENTS: S. NJ, DE, MD, sw. PA, OH, and OK, south to s. FL and s. TX. Certainly one of our most interesting and beautiful flowers.
RANGE MAP: Passiflora incarnata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Passifloraceae A.L. de Jussieu ex Kunth 1817 (Passionflower Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 27 genera and 935 species, vines, shrubs, trees, and herbs, of tropical and warm temperate regions, especially America and Africa. Here circumscribed to exclude Turneraceae, counter the recommendation of Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009); see comments under Turneraceae.
REFERENCE: Feuillet & MacDougal in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007); Arbo in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Passiflora L. (Passionflower)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 525 species, vines, shrubs, and trees, largely of tropical America, with a few species in warm temperate America and Asia.
REFERENCE: Ulmer & MacDougal (2004)=Z; Vanderplank (2000)=Y; Vanderplank (2013=X; Acevedo-Rodríguez & Strong (2012)=WI; Feuillet & MacDougal in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Passiflora incarnata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Passiflora incarnata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Passiflora incarnata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Passiflora incarnata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Passiflora incarnata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Passiflora incarnata

IMAGE USE RECORDS

ID IMAGE: 9348 - Primary Image FloraQuest Plant Detail Page (Landscape Preferred)
ID IMAGE1: 9351 - Primary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE2: 0 - Secondary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE3: 29873 - Primary Image Plant Sale Sign (Landscape Only)
ID IMAGE4: 0 - Primary Image New Plant Sale Label (Portrait Only)

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72 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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