SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eryngium yuccifolium
Include in WOTAS: 1
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Last Modified: 2019-02-11
GENUS CODE: ERYNG GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Eryngium GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Eryngo GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 250 species, herbs, tropical and temperate. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Bell (1963)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Calviño, Martínez, & Downie (2008, 2010); Calviño & Downie (2007).
FAMILY CODE: APIACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Apiaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Carrot Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004). FAMILY REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]
INTRO: Stiff, erectperennial of diabase barrens and glades, olivine barrens, pine savannas, pine flatwoods over loamy or clay soils, prairies and other open sites with at least periodic moisture. STEMS: Stems stout, stiff, branched above, pale green. LEAVES: Leaves alternate but mostly clustered toward base of stem,sessile, strap-like, to 40 in. long (reduced above), with parallel veins and widely spaced bristles on margins, thick and leathery, smooth. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in 1-in.-wide compact, rounded heads at branch tips and top of stem, each head on several small, sharp-tipped bracts; flowers greenish-white, less than 1/4 in. wide, consisting of 5 minute petals and 5 green sepals as well as tiny, sharp bractlets. FRUITS: COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 2-4 ft. DURATION:
Basal LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Aug
BLOOM COLOR: Greenish-white
FRUITING PERIOD: DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Outcrops and glades, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern & central U.S. HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Small bluish-white florets are arranged on round heads at the end of its tall stems. The many small flowers are attractive to butterflies and many other pollinators. The specific epithet
yuccifolium means âyucca-leafâ describing its leathery basal leaves. Grown for its attractive foliage as well as its interesting flowers. Try planting this with cardinal flower for a striking combination. 2016 N.C. Wildflower of the Year.
Bloom Table Text: Northern rattlesnake-master, is an unusual wildflower most noted for its distinctive foliage. As the species name (yuccifolium) suggests, the narrow, leathery leaves resemble those of the yucca, providing an attractive vertical contrast in the garden. Eryngo is quite easy to grow - as long as it has plenty of sun, it will tolerate both moist and dry soils, and requires little or no maintenance over the years. The flowers are dense, globe-shaped clusters of flowers that are first greenish-white, then age to a pale, steely blue. At one time, this plant was thought to be an excellent remedy for rattlesnake bites, and to treat fevers. Today, itâs a great plant for pollinators! 2016 N.C Wildflower of the Year.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Apiaceae Lindley 1836 or UMBELLIFERAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Carrot Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 445 genera and about 3540 species of herbs (rarely shrubs or trees), cosmopolitan, but especially north temperate. Hydrocotyle is more closely related to Araliaceae, and has been transferred there (Chandler & Plunkett 2004). REFERENCE: Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC. [also see ARALIACEAE]ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Eryngium L. (Eryngo) SUMMARY: A genus of about 250 species, herbs, tropical and temperate. REFERENCE: Bell (1963)=Z; Mathias & Constance (1945)=MC; Calviño, Martínez, & Downie (2008, 2010); Calviño & Downie (2007).
SERNEC: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Eryngium yuccifolium in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)