Synonym(s): Diospyros mosieri, Diospyros virginiana var. mosieri, Diospyros virginiana var. platycarpa, Diospyros virginiana var. pubescens, Diospyros virginiana var. virginiana
Image ID: 14150
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16
GENUS CODE: DIOSP GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Diospyros GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Diospyros GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, of tropical and subtropical regions (with very few exceptions). The genus includes a variety of tropical trees called ebony in the wood trade. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Seedlings and fire sprouts are superficially very similar to Nyssa sylvatica, but can be separated in the following ways: bundle scar 1 per bud scar, narrowly crescent-shaped (vs. Nyssa with 3 distinct,circular, bundle scars arranged in a broad V pattern), leaves never with teeth (vs. Nyssa leaves sometimes with a few irregular teeth), leaves glabrate to tomentose with curly hairs (vs. glabrous or with a few straight, forward-pointing hairs), leaves with sessile to short-stipitate glands on upper surface of midrib and outer petiole, later becoming necrotic spots (vs. leaves without glands). GENUS REFERENCES: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Spongberg (1977)=Z; Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).
FAMILY CODE: EBENAC FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Ebenaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Gürcke 1891 FAMILY COMMON: Ebony Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2-6 genera and 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, distributed in tropical and subtropical (rarely warm temperate) regions. FAMILY REFERENCE: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Dec (and persisting). DISTRIBUTION
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Eastern persimmon grows best in full sun, typically reaching a height of 35 to 60 ft. Occasionally, this species may reach a height up to 100 ft. Once its root system is established, it is tolerant of urban conditions, surviving heat, pollution and drought . Persimmons are dioecious, with each tree producing either male or female flowers, and female trees bearing fruit at maturity. Grown from seed here at NCBG, plants may be either male or female. This genus supports up to 44 lepidoptera species.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros virginiana
COMMON NAME: American Persimmon, Possumwood
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, WV; > D. virginiana var. virginiana - C, F, G, Il, Z; > D. virginiana var. pubescens (Pursh) Nuttall - Il; > D. virginiana var. platycarpa Sargent - Il; > D. virginiana - S; > D. mosieri Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Sep-Dec (and persisting).
HABITAT: Dry woods, sandhills, disturbed places, floodplain and mesic forests, fencerows.
COMMENTS: CT, PA, OH, IN, IL, MO, and e. KS south to s. FL and TX. East of the Mississippi River, D. virginiana var. virginiana has leaves cuneate to rounded at the base, and glabrous or glabrescent; mostly west of the Mississippi River and perhaps eastward along the Coastal Plain,D. virginiana var. pubescens (Pursh) Nuttall has leaves subcordate, and persistently pubescent. Though these differences seem relatively trivial, they are consistent, geographically correlated, and may be worthy of varietal recognition. Other varieties have been named based on fruit size and ripening time. Persimmons are famous for their sweet and edible fruits, and infamous for the bitter-astringency of the not fully ripe fruit. The species is dioecious, the male trees appear to reach a greater size than the females. The wood is one of the heaviest and hardest in e. North America.
RANGE MAP: Diospyros virginiana.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Ebenaceae Gürcke 1891 (Ebony Family) SUMMARY: A family of 2-6 genera and 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, distributed in tropical and subtropical (rarely warm temperate) regions. REFERENCE: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Diospyros L. (Diospyros) SUMMARY: A genus of 500-600 species, trees and shrubs, of tropical and subtropical regions (with very few exceptions). The genus includes a variety of tropical trees called ebony in the wood trade. REFERENCE: Eckenwalder in FNA (2009); Spongberg (1977)=Z; Wallnöfer in Kubitzki (2004).
SERNEC: Find Diospyros virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Diospyros virginiana in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)