Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Chasmanthium latifolium

Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) Yates

river oats, indian woodoats, fish-on-a-pole

Chasmanthium latifolium (River Oats)
Image ID: 13582
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: CHLA5
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chasmanthium latifolium
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: CHASM
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Chasmanthium
GENUS AUTHORITY: Link
GENUS COMMON: Woodoats
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 5 species, perennials, endemic to se. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Sánchez-Ken & Clark in FNA (2003a); Yates (1966a, 1966c)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: POACEA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Poaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Grass Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: June-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central U.S.

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This southeastern native ornamental grass is easy to grow and can be grown in any garden. River-oats is very tolerant of shade and various soil types. Handsome seed heads appear in the fall and are prized for flower arrangements. River-oats seeds in vigorously, creating many seedlings unless its seed heads are removed before the seeds drop. 1994 N.C. Wildflower of the Year. The Chasmanthium genus supports up to 7 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text: Native to streambanks and moist woods in the eastern half of the country, river-oats is the ideal plant to provide grassy texture in a shady spot where few grasses will grow. This species, also called inland sea-oats, offers handsome, waist-high foliage and is easy to grow in shade or (with adequate moisture) sun, but its real attraction is the gracefully arching stems with many pendulous seedheads. Fully formed by midsummer, the seedheads turn a rich golden-tan in the fall and are useful for flower arrangements. In fact, it is a good idea to remove the seedheads before they ripen to prevent heavy self-sowing into the garden. 1994 N.C. Wildflower of the Year. The Chasmanthium genus supports up to 7 lepidoptera species.

NCBG Location: Education Center Landscape, Totten Center Landscape

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 1
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2747 1987-0232 View
4205 1992-0361 View
5748 1995-0874 View
6020 1995-1151 View
8636 2006-0235 2006-08-28 View
9044 2000-0092 2000-03-20 1020 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
893 SOS 2016-11-23 Faucette View
1020 HORT 1989-10-17 Bryan View
1410 HORT 2006-10-01 Peoples View
1766 HORT 2005-10-05 Bryan View
2323 NPMD 2019-10-28 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
4571 2747 6 NCBG staff 1995-01-01 View
4572 2747 8 NCBG staff 1985-06-11 View
6533 4205 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
8262 5748 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8665 6020 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
10328 9044 174 Liloia 2000-03-08 View
11841 8636 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11842 8636 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11843 8636 132 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11844 8636 133 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11845 8636 135 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11846 8636 139 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11847 8636 140 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12976 0 198 MacIntyre 0000-00-00 View
13256 0 111 Wait 0000-00-00 View
13326 0 65 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: CHLA5
USDA Common Name: Indian Woodoats
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, AZ, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NM, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACU FACU FACW FACW FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chasmanthium latifolium
COMMON NAME: River Oats, Fish-on-a-pole
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, GW, K, Pa, Tn, Va, W, WH3, Z; = Uniola latifolia Michaux - F, G, HC, RAB, S, WV]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Oct.
HABITAT: Riverbanks, streambanks, bottomland forests, seepages and glades over mafic or calcareous rock, usually in nutrient-rich soils.
COMMENTS: NJ, OH, IL, and KS south to FL and TX.
RANGE MAP: Chasmanthium latifolium.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Chasmanthium Link (Woodoats)
SUMMARY: A genus of 5 species, perennials, endemic to se. North America.
REFERENCE: Sánchez-Ken & Clark in FNA (2003a); Yates (1966a, 1966c)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Chasmanthium latifolium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Chasmanthium latifolium in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Chasmanthium latifolium in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Chasmanthium latifolium in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Chasmanthium latifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chasmanthium latifolium

IMAGE USE RECORDS

ID IMAGE: 13582 - Primary Image FloraQuest Plant Detail Page (Landscape Preferred)
ID IMAGE1: 13582 - Primary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE2: 13581 - Secondary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE3: 13582 - Primary Image Plant Sale Sign (Landscape Only)
ID IMAGE4: 0 - Primary Image New Plant Sale Label (Portrait Only)

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49 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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